Title

Judicial Review of Indian Treaty Abrogation: "As Long as Water Flows, or Grass Grows upon the Earth" -- How Long a Time Is That?

Document Type

Article

Publication

California Law Review

Year

1975

DOI

10.15779/Z38CB48

Abstract

In this insightful analysis of the role of the courts in determining whether an Indian treaty has been abrogated by Congress, the authors argue that confusion over the proper judicial test for finding an abrogation all too often results in the destruction of precious American Indian treaty rights. They propose an objective test fully consonant with the importance of treaty guarantees and the unique relationship of American Indians to the federal government: that Indian treaty rights should be abrogated only by express legislative action stating both the specific promises about to be broken and the intent of Congress to break them.

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